Nanosciences and nanotechnologies cover all the scientific and technological activities occurring at the nanoscale. It is the science of the infinitely small, and refers to the understanding of phenomena and the design of objects whose size is measured in nanometers (nm) – in other words, one billionth of a meter.
Nanotechnologies are already widely present in our daily lives. They are used in electronics, pigments for paints, paper, and tire reinforcement, amongst others.
… applied to healthcare
Nanomedicine is the application of nanotechnologies in a healthcare setting. It uses the properties developed by a material at its nanometric scale (10-9 m) which often differ in terms of physics, chemistry or biology from the same material at a bigger scale. Nanomedicine has the potential to enable early detection and prevention and to dramatically improve diagnostics (in vivo and in vitro), therapies and regenerative medicines.
Those products are subject to the same regulatory rules as traditional drugs or medical devices prior to obtaining marketing authorization, particularly involving an evaluation of the medical service provided to patients and potential side effects.
Over the coming years, the benefits of nanomedicine will be felt by an increasing number of patients with considerable impact on global health.